Federal lead laws

Several federal laws exist to raise awareness and protect families from exposure to lead from paint, dust, and soil, including Title X of the Residential Lead-Based Paint Hazard Reduction Act and the EPA’s Renovation, Repair and Painting rule.

The laws require a property owner or seller to disclose known lead-based paint and lead-based paint hazards to new tenants and/or buyers before the sale or lease of housing built before 1978. The rule affects most private housing, public housing, federally-owned housing, and housing receiving federal assistance. Title X, of the Residential Lead-Based Paint Hazard Reduction Act, however, does not require property owners to inspect for lead before renting or selling the property.

The EPA issued a rule requiring the use of lead-safe practices and other actions aimed at preventing lead poisoning. Under the rule, beginning April 22, 2010, contractors performing renovation, repair and painting projects that disturb lead-based paint in homes, child care facilities, and schools built before 1978 must be certified and must follow specific work practices to prevent lead contamination.

In addition, federal law states that all at-risk children be tested for lead in their blood. All children receiving Medicaid must receive a blood test.

Below are links to the text of Title X and relevant provisions related to disclosure, notification, and hazard education prior to renovation.

Links to federal lead laws

Links to federal disclosure requirements and supporting documents

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Additional information for…
Property owners
  • The do's and don'ts of home renovation
  • What to look for in a lead contractor
  • How to find a lead contractor
  • Required disclosures to tenants
Tenants
  • Right of inspection
  • Right of notification of lead hazards
  • Notifying landlords about possible lead in homes
  • If a landlord won't address a lead hazard
Childcare providers
  • Childcare provider responsibilities
  • Educational information
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